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Aquila

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The story of The Eagle is adapted from Physiologus Latinus Versio Y, Isidore: Etymologiae and the text of the Aberdeen Bestiary.

Here in the Legenda you can find read a poem about the Eagle by Theobaldus.

For more information about eagles, including other legends and proverbs about eagles, visit the Aquila in the Zoo. You can also visit the Eagle page at the bestiary.ca website for a discussion in English, bibliography and other useful references.

   Use this Study Guide to organize your learning activities.

Aquila
ab acumine oculorum
vocata est.
(the etymology is prompted by the similarity in sound between aqu- and acu- )
Tanti enim contuitus
esse dicitur,
ut cum
super maria

inmobili pinna
feratur

nec humanis pateat obtutibus,
de tanta sublimitate
pisciculos natare
videat,
ac tormenti instar
descendens
raptam praedam
pinnis
ad litus pertrahat.

enim: postpositive
tanti...contuitus
: split phrase
contuitus: descriptive genitive
esse: infinitive in indirect statement (introduced by dicitur)
feratur...pateat...videat: subjunctives introduced by cum
pertrahat: following subjunctives feratur, pateat, videat
humanis...obtutibus: split phrase
pisciculos: diminutive
natare: infinitive in indirect statement (introduced by videat, subject of the infinitive is pisciculos)
tormentum
: this word is from the verb "torquere" meaning to twist or turn, so a tormentum is an instrument that twists or turns something, such as a machine used to hurl missiles - the eagle plummets "like a missile"
descendens...pertrahat: participle plus verb
("the eagle plummets...and drags")

De aquila
dicit David
in psalmo centesimo secundo:
Renovabitur
ut aquilae
iuventus tua.
image: aquila
Aquila,
cum vero senuerit,
gravantur alae ipsius,
et obducuntur caligine
oculi eius.

vero: postpositive

senuerit: subjunctive introduced by cum

ipsius: the i is long, so penultimate stress

Tunc quaerit fontem
et contra eum
evolat in altum
usque ad aerem solis,
et ibi incendit alas suas
similiter et
caliginem oculorum

exurit in radio solis.

aerem: three syllables

exurit: the u is long, so penultimate stress

Tunc demum
descendens in fontem
trina vice
se mergit,
et statim
renovatur
tota
ita ut
alarum vigore
et oculorum splendore
multo melius renovetur.

descendens...mergit: participle plus verb
("the eagle descends...and plunges")

tota: adjective used adverbially ("renewed completely")

renovetur: subjunctive introduced by ut

vigore...splendore: the o is long, so penultimate stress

Sic et tu, homo,
qui vestimentum habes vetus,
et caligant oculi tui,
quaere
spiritualem fontem domini
et eleva mentis oculos
ad deum
qui est fons iustitiae
et tunc renovabitur
sicut aquilae
iuventus tua.

et tu: adverbial use of et
qui: relative pronoun, antecedent is tu
vestimentum...vetus: split phrase
caligant: the i is long, so penultimate stress

qui: relative pronoun, antecedent is deum

aquilae: corresponds to the possessive adjective tua ("your youth, like that of the eagle, will be renewed...")

 

Nam
et contra radium solis
fertur
obtutum non flectere;

et: adverbial use of et
(For in addition the eagle is said to...)
flectere: complementary infinitive with fertur
obtutum: the u is long, so penultimate stress

unde
et pullos suos
ungue suspensos
radiis solis obicit,
et quos viderit
inmobilem tenere aciem,
ut dignos genere
conservat;

et: adverbial use of et
(Therefore, likewise, it exposes its chicks...)
quos: relative pronoun, antecedent is unstated eos, object of conservat ("it keeps those whom...")
tenere: infinitive in indirect statement (introduced by viderit, subject of the infinitive is quos)
viderit: future perfect (action takes place prior
to present tense verse conservat)
immobilem: adjective used as adverb
("to hold its gaze unwaveringly")
ut: in the sense of "like, as"

si quos vero
inflectere obtutum,
quasi degeneres
abicit.

quos: relative pronoun, antecedent is unstated eos, object of abicit ("it casts away those whom...")
inflectere
: infinitive in indirect statement
(subject of the infinitive is quos)


© The segmented texts, annotations and audio files at BestLatin.net
are copyrighted by Laura Gibbs, 2007. No copyright is claimed for any images.